Being prepared for natural disasters and other emergencies is very important. Being prepared ahead of time can help you better able to respond once a disaster occurs. Essential to preparation is identifying the types of hazards that can affect the City of Katy and the surrounding area, creating a "go kit" if you need to leave your home very quickly and creating a plan and meeting place for your family in case you are separated.
Flooding can happen anywhere in the United States and is the nation's most common hazard. It can develop quickly or over a period of time. Just six inches of fast-moving water holds enough force to knock over an adult, and two feet will carry away most vehicles. Flooding actually kills more people each year than any other severe weather related hazard.
More Information: Flood Safety & Preparedness
A leak or spill from pipelines could threaten neighborhoods, contaminate water supplies, or pollute environmentally-sensitive land. A pipeline accident could have a major impact by causing injuries that result in death or permanent disability or completely shutting down critical facilities.
More Information: Pipeline Safety & Awareness
Severe weather can happen anytime, in any part of the country. Severe weather can include hazardous conditions produced by thunderstorms, including damaging winds, tornadoes, large hail, flooding and flash flooding, and winter storms associated with freezing rain, sleet, snow and strong winds.
More Information: What to do During Severe Weather
This is nature's most violent storm which can occur in many shapes and sizes. Tornadoes can be up to one mile wide and travel for long distances. Texas averages 125 tornadoes every year, which is more than any other state.
Drought is an extended period of time without substantial rainfall. Droughts can affect a large area, from several counties to several states. Drought can adversely impact a community’s water resources. Drought’s impact on wildlife and farming also can be enormous. Droughts can kill crops, grazing land, plants, and, in severe cases, trees. Dead or dry vegetation increases the threat and severity of wildfires.
Katy gets its fair share of extreme heat. With an extended period of extreme heat, there is often high humidity. During that time, a body can be pushed beyond its limits. Illnesses range from heat cramps to heat stroke. Young children, the elderly and those who are sick or overweight are more susceptible to extreme temperatures.
More Information: Extreme Heat Preparedness
Wildfires can ruin homes and cause injuries or death to people and animals. A wildfire is an unplanned fire that burns in a natural area such as a forest, grassland, or prairie.
More Information: Wildfire Preparedness
Hurricanes are massive storm systems that form over warm ocean waters and move toward land. Potential threats from hurricanes include powerful winds, heavy rainfall, storm surges, coastal and inland flooding, rip currents, tornadoes, and landslides. The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30.
More Information: 2019 Hurricane/Severe Weather Guide
Winter storms create a higher risk of car accidents, hypothermia, frostbite, carbon monoxide poisoning, and heart attacks from overexertion. Winter storms can bring extreme cold, freezing rain, snow, ice, and high winds.
More Information: Winter Weather Preparedness
Epidemics potentially can have a far greater impact on a population a bad flu season. Many people get sick with the flu each year, but when cases skyrocket, it is considered an epidemic. When a global outbreak of a new disease occurs, causing serious illness across national borders, it is considered a pandemic.
More Information: Pandemic Preparedness | Stopping the Spread of Germs at Home, Work & School
Social unrest includes civil disorders, acts of mass civil disobedience, and strikes. They differ in their legality and tactics (especially the use or avoidance of violence), but all are acts by groups of people that are intended to disrupt a community or organization.
More Information: Social Unrest
More Information: Active Shooter Awareness
Hazardous Materials can come in solids, liquids and gases. These chemicals can be found everywhere from semi trucks driving down the street to underneath the kitchen sink. Some chemicals are dangerous while others may not be. It is most important to note that when chemicals are used in an unsafe manner, it can cause a threat to life, property and the environment.
More Information: Hazardous Materials Awareness
Modern society is dependent on computer systems and the internet to maintain basic functions. They are increasingly used to run the infrastructure that supports dense, urban environments.
More Information: Cyber Attack Awareness
Disasters occur with little or no warning. Being prepared is vital for staying safe and weathering any emergency. Having a kit, making a plan, and being informed helps keep you, your family, and your neighborhood safe when disaster strikes.
Make Your Plan
Make a disaster plan with your household members to prepare for what to do, how to find each other, and how to communicate in an emergency. Make a plan that best suits your needs and the needs of your household.
- How will I receive emergency alerts and warnings?
- What is my shelter plan?
- What is my evacuation route?
- What is my family/household communication plan?
Step 4: Practice your plan with your family/household.
Build An Emergency Supply Kit
Keep enough supplies in your home to survive on your own, or shelter in place, for up to seven days. If possible, keep these materials in an easily accessible, separate container or special cupboard. You should indicate to your household members that these supplies are for emergencies only. Check expiration dates of food and update your kits when you change your clock during daylight saving times.
When to Go: Evacuations
Evacuation should be addressed as part of everyone's planning efforts. City officials will tell you when to evacuate through the media and direct warnings. Evacuation is used as a last resort when a serious threat to public safety exists. If you must evacuate, your first plan should always be to stay with friends or family.
More Information: Evacuation Awareness
When to Stay: Shelter In Place
During some emergencies, you may be asked to stay where you are, or "shelter in place." This could be as simple as remaining at home while officials clear hazards from a nearby area, or it could require more active measures during emergencies involving contaminated air.
More Information: Shelter In Place
Business Emergency Preparedness
Nearly 50% of small businesses never recover from a disaster. By taking small steps to create a preparedness plan, Katy businesses can be ready for an event that severely disrupts operations, such as extended power outages, pandemics or natural disasters.
- Create an Emergency Plan
- Practice Emergency Plan with Employees
- Assess Your Risks
- Emergency Communication Plan
- Protect the Essentials
- Review Bank & Insurance Policies
- Business Continuity Plan